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Clinical vs. Situational

  1. Clinical Depression
    • Severe depression that interferes with one’s daily functioning. There must be impairment in one of the following: work, home, school.
    • Often referred to as a chemical imbalance in the brain and is best treated by a combination of medication and psychotherapy
  2. Situational Depression
    • The type of depression we all experience from time to time due to situations and life circumstances. However, untreated or unacknowledged situational depression can result in clinical depression.
SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION- National Institute of Mental Health
  1. Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood
  2. Feelings of hopelessness, pessimism
  3. Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, helplessness
  4. Loss of interest or pleasure in hobbies and activities that were enjoyed, including sex
  5. Decreased energy, fatigue, being “slowed down”
  6. Difficulty concentrating, remembering, making decisions
  7. Insomnia, early-morning awakening, or oversleeping
  8. Appetite and/or weight loss or overeating and weight gain
  9. Thoughts of death or suicide, suicide attempts
  10. Restlessness, irritability
  11. Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain
  12. Abnormal or excessive elation
  13. Unusual irritability
  14. Decreased need for sleep
  15. Grandiose notions
  16. Increased talking
  17. Racing thoughts
  18. Inappropriate social behavior
  1. The individual is talking or joking about suicide (e.g., committing suicide themselves or talking about it in general)
  2. The individual is preoccupied with death and dying (e.g., recurring death themes in music, literature, drawings, writing letters or leaving notes referring to death or “the end)
  3. The individual is making statements about reuniting with a deceased loved one.
  4. The individual has trouble eating and sleeping
  5. The individual experiences drastic changes in their behavior
  6. The individual withdraws and isolates from family, friends, or social activities
  7. The individual loses interest in things they care about (e.g., hobbies, work, school)
  8. The individual gives away personal possessions
  9. The individual is making statements about hopelessness, helplessness, or worthlessness (e.g., life is useless. Everyone would be better off without me. It doesn’t matter. I won’t be around much longer anyway. I wish I could just disappear.
  1. The individual has attempted suicide before
  2. A family member has successfully committed suicide
  3. The individual takes unnecessary risks that might be life threatening or dangerous
  4. The individual has had a recent severe loss or losses
  5. The individual loses interest in their personal appearance
  6. The individual increases alcohol and/or drug use
  7. The individual is a young Black male, especially between the ages of 10-14

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